Visual Guide To Computer Parts And Desktop Computer

The computer is not a one-part device. A computer is formed by combining different parts. It can be said in all cases of laptop, desktop. In the case of the desktop, we see the monitor and the CPU box in front of our eyes. However, the main parts of a computer are inside the CPU box. 

And many of us have no idea about these inner components of the CPU box. Today I will try to give a visual description or picture of all the components inside a computer CPU box. But note that I had to take the help of PCGAMER website to create this post. The link to the original English website is given at the end of the post. 

My purpose in writing this post today is that many people do not have a general knowledge of the parts or components inside a computer CPU box. But at least we should all have a general knowledge of the components inside this CPU box, especially those who run PCs or personal computers at home. 

In this way, if there is a problem in the computer or the computer is broken, before going to the service center, so that I can understand where the problem is. So let's not look at what components are inside the CPU box of a computer, but note that not all of these components may be on your computer, such as if you do not use an external graphics card, it will not be on your PC but in this guide.

Computer Motherboard Componants


AHCI

Ahci Ram


The full version is the Advanced Host Controller Interface. It is an old storage protocol that was created for mechanical hard disks. You won't find it on most current (90%) PCs.

Air Cooling




Air Cooling is used to keep CPU, Motherboard and Graphics Card's own heat sinks cool during heavy use when CPU, Motherboard, GPU cannot keep them cool. At least one to more air cooler fan systems can be installed inside almost every CPU box. Good design and high cost air cooler fans do not make any noise while running. However, liquid cooling systems are used in today's premium level computers.

Anti-Static Bag



It is a special kind of foil bag which protects the electrical parts from static discharge damage. Always try to store expensive computer parts in this anti-static bag.

APU

Apu Computer Components


The full form of APU is Accelerated Processing Unit. This is the name of AMD's CPU / GPU integration project. These are designed for budget and midrange gaming PCs. A PC with APU will be able to give better performance than a PC with internal graphics.

ATX Power Connector

ATX Power Connector


As the name implies it is a connector. It connects onboard controllers to the motherboard. It is usually made up of 20 or 24 pin Molex connectors.

Audio Connector Panel

Audio Connector Panel


In this I / O panel of the motherboard, you will find a system for connecting different audio systems. This is called the audio connector panel. It has analog headphone jack, line out, unamplified line in, mic connector and digital S / PDIF connection. Note that digital headphones now use USB connectors.

BIOS

Bios Program System


Basic Input and Output System or BIOS is the operating system of the motherboard or graphics card. From here you can manage and control various functions of the motherboard / graphics card. Note, however, that BIOS is used on older PCs and newer UEFI standard specifications are being used on newer PCs / laptops. However, UEFI standard firmwares have systems that use both UEFI and BIOS.

BGA Socket

BGA Socket


PGA designs with pins were used in earlier computer processors, but today's modern computer processors, especially Intel's Core i5 / Core i7 processors, use the BGA socket.

Case

Computer Case


A case is a chassis in which all the internal components of a computer are stored. Many people call it CPU for easy understanding but it is wrong information. Different types of cases come in different sizes. Note that the price or size of the case will not depend on the performance of the computer. However, nowadays in the pursuit of "fashion", many people use expensive cases with lighting.


Chipset

Computer Chipset


CPU, Chipset and Motherboard but not one thing. But many people think that these things are the same thing. The proper functioning of a motherboard depends on the various integrated circuits on the motherboard. These integrated circuits are called chipsets. Different performance issues of a computer depend on a chipset. Such as system performance, memory support, overclocking, various expansion support and CPU compatibility. Premium chipsets are currently needed to make the premium processor work.

CMOS

CMOS Section


The full form of CMOS is Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor. CMOS technology is used to make various chips, image sensors and analog circuits in personal computers. The components of CMOS technology are usually heat and electronic static efficient. The most common device in CMOS technology is the CMOS battery. Older motherboards use a CMOS battery, which stores all the settings of the motherboard. When the CMOS battery is removed, all the "default" settings on the motherboard are reset.

Core

Dekstop Motherboard Core Section


The computational center of a processor is called the core. The more cores a processor has, the more performance the processor can give. At present, consumer-level single-core to 16-core processors are available.

CPU

CPU


The main engine of a processor is called CPU or Central Processing Unit.

CPU Mounting Plate

CPU Mounting Plate


As the size of the current era of heat sinks and cooling systems continues to increase, CPU mounting plates are being used to avoid damage when installing the CPU on the motherboard.

CPU Power Header

CPU Power Header


The CPU power header is a socket with an 8-pin EPS power cable that provides the CPU with Wattage when needed.

CPU Socket

CPU Socket


The part of the motherboard where the CPU can be firmly attached is called the CPU socket. It is usually made with level arms and clips or screws. The CPU socket varies from company to company. For example, Intel uses LGA1151 or LGA2066 sockets and AMD uses AM4 sockets (for Ryzen).

Crossfire

Crossfire


Crossfire is a system in which multiple AMD graphics cards work together on a PC. Crossfire requires a supported motherboard, a similar style of graphics card, and a Crossfire cable. However, crossfire has many disadvantages, such as high power consumption, some games do not support crossfire setup, it has various disadvantages, including the graphics driver glitch.

DisplayPort Connector

DisplayPort Connector


DisplayPort connector is used as a computer display connector to solve some of the problems of HDMI. It is a high performance digital video connector. Although it is a few years old system, it could provide a 60Hz display with 3840 × 2160 resolution.

Ram

Ram


We are all more or less familiar with Random Access Memory or RAM. RAM is associated with the ability to perform all tasks on a computer quickly and at the same time. The more RAM a PC has, the more multitasking you can do on the PC. Video games and multimedia work of the present era are provided separately with minimum RAM requirements.

Drive Bay

Driver Bay


The part in the CPU case that holds different types of data drives or other devices is called drive bay. In such cases, the place to keep the DVD drive, the place to keep the hard disk, etc. is called Drive bay.

DVI Connector

DVI Connector


The DVI connector or Digital Video Interface connector is used to connect older monitors to the CPU. It came on the market as an upgrade to a very old VGA connector, although older (2007 model) you can still see this DVI design on many monitors. Note that HDMI and DisplayPort carry audio signals but DVI connector does not carry any audio signals.

Ethernet

Ethernet


Simply put, the system used to access broadband internet on your PC is called Ethernet. Ethernet has been used in the PC sector since 1983.

GDDR

GDDR



Graphics Random Access Memory. The RAM used in today's modern graphics cards is called GDDR. The latest standard is the GDDR6, which was recently launched with Nvidia's GeForce 2000 series.

GPU

GPU


Just as we often confuse names with processors and CPUs, we also confuse names with GPUs and graphics cards. GPU and Graphic Card are not one. Rather, the chip that controls a graphics card's subsystem is called a GPU or Graphics Processing Unit.

Graphics Card

Graphics Card



Graphics cards are used to play high level 3D games and multimedia on computers. Modern computers have integrated graphics in their CPUs, but they can't provide the same power and performance as external graphics cards. The graphics card is housed in a separate PCI-E slot on the motherboard. A single graphics card uses more power than all the components on a whole motherboard, so many times the use of graphics cards requires the use of high quality PSUs.

Heat Spreader

Heat Spreader



The metal cap on the interior of a processor is called a heat spreader. Many people have removed this heat spreader and used the thermal interface material of Intel or other companies separately, which can increase the overclocking of the processor and increase the performance. These processors are called Delidded CPU and do not have any warranty. (It's called a modified processor)

Hot Swap

Hot Swap


Components that can be connected or disconnected from the motherboard without shutting down the computer are called "Hot Swappable Components". Such as DVD drives.

Header

Computer Motherboard Header



A pinset placed on a logic board is called a header. These can be turned on and off with a jumper or ribbon cable.

Heat sink / Radiator

Heat sink Radiator



A series of metal fins on a plate is called a heat sink / radiator. It is mounted on the PC component so that the component can stay inside at the proper temperature. Thermal paste (much like toothpaste) is used with the heat sink / radiator. Just as the moon itself cannot be illuminated without the sun, a cooling fan or liquid cooling system is used to make the heat sink / radiator work properly.

iGPU

iGPU



The short form of Integrated GPU is iGPU. Today's modern laptops use iGPU to provide midrench performance. The iGPU relies on system RAM and also uses resources from the CPU. So before buying a laptop with iGPU, you should buy the model with more RAM as much as possible.

I / O plate

IO plate



The panel used to carry the output of all the I / O components on the motherboard is called the I / O plate. This I / O plate is cut out on the back of a normal computer CPU case.

LAN / Ethernet RJ45 jack

LAN  Ethernet RJ45 jack



The port on which the LAN / Ethernet cables are connected is called LAN / Ethernet RJ45 jack.

LED case illumination

LED case illumination



When LED lighting is used in cases, fans and other components, it is officially called LED case illumination. Although used most of the time for design and fashion, this LED case illumination system is mainly used to see if the system internals are working properly at night.

M.2

M.2



M.2 Drives are now used on premium gaming PCs to provide faster performance than hard disk and solid disk drives on a smaller scale. The M.2 drives look a lot like RAM cards but they get quite hot while running so a separate cooling system is used to keep them cool.

Hard Drive

Hard Drive



A hard drive or hard drive is a device with a magnetic motor where more data can be stored at a lower cost. However, there is a speed limit. For this, PCs currently use hard disks as well as high speed SSDs or solid state drives.

Molex power connector

Molex power connector



The connector cable used to connect different parts of the motherboard of a desktop computer to the power supply is called Molex power connector. It has been used in PCs since the 1950s.

Motherboard

Motherboard



The part of the computer on which all the internal components are placed is called the motherboard. It supports CPU, RAM, data drive and various add-in cards. Nowadays, due to the fashion, motherboards of different colors, different sizes and designs are available in the market.

mSATA

mSATA



MSATA is used in small cases, mobile PCs and high quality laptops. It is a kind of SSD

Optical drive

Optical drive



5.25 inch CD, DVD, Blu-ray drive is called optical drive in general language.

PCIe

PCIe



PCIe or Peripheral Connect Interface Express Bus is a high-speed expansion slot where you can connect graphics cards and other components to the PC's motherboard. Low and midrange motherboards offer one PCIe slot and premium range motherboards offer multiple PCIe slots.


PGA socket

PGA socket



The socket system that is used to insert the PINs into the motherboard in processors that use pins instead of contact pads is called PGA socket.

PSU

PSU



A PSU or power supply unit is a device that is used to supply power to a computer's motherboard and its associated components.

SATA cable

SATA cable



Lambate cable is called SATA cable which is used to connect SATA storage devices to the host controller.

SLI

SLI



A system that uses graphics cards from multiple "Nvidia" companies on a PC is called SLI. And like AMD's crossfire, there are some drawbacks or problems here.

SSD

SSD



The rotating plate of the mechanical hard disk uses high quality nonvolatitle RAM without being used here, so it can give much higher performance than the hard disk and the SSDs are relatively smaller in size than the hard disk. However, the price of SSD is relatively higher than hard disk.

Thumbscrews

Thumbscrews



Thumbscrews are used in computer cases. Thumbscrews are used to open / close the case parts without a screwdriver. However, regular screws are still used in cheap cases.

USB connectors

usb connectors motherboard



The place on the motherboard where the ports of USB devices are arranged is called USB connectors. Connectors for USB 2.0 technology are usually black, and connectors for USB 3.0 technology are blue.

VGA connector

VGA connector



Analog D-Sub VGA ports are used to connect older period flat monitors (total monitors) and now cheaper LCD monitors to the motherboard, and the VGA connector is used to connect the component to the port.

VRM




The job of the VRM or Voltage Regulation Module is to deliver and monitor the "right amount" of power from the PSU to all the components placed on the motherboard. VRM plays a major role in the overclocking performance and stability of a computer.

 

This was a brief description of a computer CPU case or a picture of the components inside the case. Hopefully after reading this post you have got a basic idea about the internal components of a computer. However, as I said before, not all the components mentioned in this post will be on your PC and there are many components that are not mentioned in this post, this post briefly discusses all the basic computer components. You can leave a comment about the post in the comment box below.

1 comment:

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